Vitamin A: Vitamin A and its precursor, beta-carotene, are powerful free radical scavengers. Vitamin A also is necessary for healthy skin and mucous membranes, the body’s first line of defense against invading microorganisms and toxins, and promotes the immune response. Beta-carotene and vitamin A destroy carcinogens, guard against heart disease and stroke, and lower cholesterol levels.
Vitamin C: Vitamin C is a very powerful antioxidant that also protects other antioxidants, such as vitamin E. The cells of the brain and spinal cord, which frequently incur free radical damage, can be protected by significant amounts of vitamin C. Vitamin C acts as a more potent free radical scavenger in the presence of a bioflavonoid called hesperidins.
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine): Thiamine enhances circulation and assists in blood formation, carbohydrate metabolism, and the production of hydrochloric acid, which is important for proper digestion. Thiamine also optimizes cognitive activity and brain function. It has a positive effect on energy, growth, normal appetite, and learning capacity, and is needed for muscle tone of the intestines, stomach, and heart. It also acts as an antioxidant, protecting
the body from the degenerative effects of aging, alcohol consumption, and smoking.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): Riboflavin is necessary for red blood cell formation, antibody production, cell respiration, and growth. It alleviates eye fatigue and is important in the prevention and treatment of cataracts. It aids in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Together with
vitamin A, it maintains and improves the mucous membranes in the digestive
tract. Riboflavin also facilitates the use of oxygen by the tissues of the skin, nails, and hair. Consumption of adequate amounts of riboflavin is important during pregnancy, because a lock of this vitamin can damage a developing fetus even though the women shows no signs of deficiency.
Iron: The most important iron function in the body is the production of hemoglobin and myoglobin and the oxygenation of red blood cells. Iron is the mineral found in the largest amounts in the blood. It is essential for many enzymes, including catalase, and is important for growth. Iron is also required for a healthy immune system and for energy production. Iron deficiency symptoms include anemia, brittle hair, difficulty swallowing, digestive disturbances, dizziness, fatigue and fragile bones.
Calcium: Calcium is vital for the formation of strong bones and teeth and for the maintenance of healthy gums. It is also important in the maintenance of a
regular heartbeat and the transmission of nerve impulses. Calcium lowers cholesterol levels and helps prevent cardiovascular disease. It is needed for muscular growth and contraction, and the prevention of muscle cramps. It may increase the rate of bone growth and bone mineral density in children. This important mineral is also essential in blood clotting and helps prevent
cancer. Finally it protects against the development of preeclampsia during pregnancy, the number one cause of maternal death.
Potassium: Potassium is important for healthy nervous system and a regular heart rhythm. It helps prevent stroke, aids in proper muscle contraction and works with sodium to control the body’s water balance. It also regulates the transfer of nutrients through cell membranes. Signs of
potassium deficiencies include abnormally dry skin, acne, chills, cognitive
impairment, constipation, depress, diarrhea, diminished reflex function, edema, nervousness and fluctuations in heartbeat.